To confirm diagnosis of RLS the patient must answer YES to the following 4 questions:
- Do you have an urge to move the legs, accompanied or caused by uncomfortable and unpleasant sensations in the legs? Sometimes the urge to move is present without the uncomfortable sensations and sometimes in addition to the legs the arms or other body parts are involved.
- Does the urge to move or the unpleasant sensations begin or worsen during periods of rest or inactivity such as lying or sitting?
- Is the urge to move or unpleasant sensations partially or totally relieved by movements, such as walking or stretching?
- Is the urge to move or unpleasant sensations worse in the evening or at night than during the day?
It is also important to consider the patient’s:
w Family history
w Response to dopaminergic therapy
w Whether the patient also experiences periodic limb movements.